Bounce Back Loans Fraud: Cases, Understanding Impact, and Remedies

understanding bounce back loans fraud. a desk with someone signing document

In response to the economic turmoil caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the UK Government introduced several financial measures to support small and medium-sized businesses. One such scheme was the Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS), which provided businesses with quick and easy-to-access finance, helping them weather the storm. This article discusses the topic of “bounce back loans fraud”

Under the BBLS, businesses could borrow between £2,000 and up to 25% of their turnover, capped at £50,000. The government guaranteed 100% of the loan, with no fees or interest to pay for the first 12 months. Following this period, an interest rate of 2.5% per annum would be applied.

Whilst the BBLS has been a lifeline for many businesses, it has unfortunately also been a target for misuse and fraudulent activity. This has raised numerous challenges and concerns, particularly around the areas of recovery and debt management.

As we delve into the topic of Bounce Back Loan fraud, it’s essential to understand its far-reaching implications on businesses, the economy, and the steps that can be taken to mitigate such frauds. This examination is not merely a glance at the unfortunate underside of a supportive scheme, but a pivotal conversation around maintaining integrity in business financial support systems.

Quick Links

Understanding Bounce Back Loan Fraud

What is Bounce Back Loan Fraud?

Bounce Back Loan fraud is a fraudulent activity where an individual or an entity dishonestly secures a loan from the Bounce Back Loan Scheme with no intention to use it for the business or to repay the loan. This is a criminal act and is subject to severe penalties under the Fraud Act 2006 and other related legislation in England and Wales.

How is Bounce Back Loan Fraud Carried Out?

Typically, Bounce Back Loan fraud involves the following tactics:

  1. Identity Theft: Perpetrators may steal the identity of a legitimate business or a business owner to apply for a loan under their name.
  2. Fake Businesses: Fraudsters might create fake businesses and falsify documents to make the business appear legitimate and eligible for the loan.
  3. Misrepresentation: Some business owners may exaggerate their business needs or lie about the use of funds to secure a higher loan amount.
  4. Multiple Applications: An individual might apply for bounce back loans from different lenders, exceeding the maximum allowable limit.

Common Signs of Bounce Back Loan Fraud

Spotting fraud can be challenging, but certain warning signs may suggest fraudulent activity:

  1. Rapid increase in company assets: An unexpected or unexplained increase in a company’s assets or bank balance may suggest fraudulent loan activity.
  2. Inconsistencies in documentation: Discrepancies or inconsistencies in business records, accounts, or loan application documents could point to fraud.
  3. Unusual business transactions: This could include an unusually high volume of transactions, large transactions with unknown entities, or sudden repayment of debts.
  4. Multiple applications: If a business or individual is discovered to have made multiple Bounce Back Loan applications, this could indicate an intent to commit fraud.

Bounce Back Loan fraud not only breaches trust but also exacerbates the financial strain on the economy and legitimate businesses who truly need the support. It’s crucial to understand its insidious nature to better safeguard against it and hold fraudsters accountable.

Recent Cases and Investigations

Over the past few years, several significant cases and investigations related to Bounce Back Loan fraud have come to light, demonstrating the gravity of this issue and the role of authorities in combating it.

  1. Case of Large-Scale Identity Theft: In one high-profile case, fraudsters stole the identities of multiple individuals to create bogus businesses, successfully securing millions of pounds before the authorities caught up with them. The case is currently under the Serious Fraud Office’s scrutiny.
  2. Exposure of Fraud Rings: Certain investigations have unveiled fraud rings where groups of individuals worked together to abuse the Bounce Back Loan Scheme. These cases often involve complex networks and significant amounts of money, with one group securing over £6 million in fraudulent loans.
  3. Cases of Misrepresentation: There have also been several instances where legitimate business owners misrepresented their financial situations to secure larger loans than they were entitled to. These cases are generally treated as severe by the authorities due to the dishonest intent involved.

The Role of Authorities in Combating Fraud

Authorities such as the Serious Fraud Office (SFO), the National Crime Agency (NCA), and local police forces have a crucial role in identifying and investigating suspected cases of Bounce Back Loan fraud. They utilise sophisticated tools and techniques to track fraudulent activity, such as:

  1. Data Analysis: Using artificial intelligence and machine learning to analyse loan application data and identify potential fraudulent activity.
  2. Collaboration: Working with banks, lending institutions, and the public to gather information and investigate suspected fraud.
  3. Enforcement: Taking legal action against fraudsters, which can result in severe penalties including imprisonment and substantial fines.

In addition, professional bodies like R3 and Insolvency Practitioners play a key role in identifying signs of Bounce Back Loan fraud during their work with struggling businesses. They are bound by the Statements of Insolvency Practice (SIPs) to report suspected fraudulent activity to the appropriate authorities.

Freephone including all mobiles

Impact of Bounce Back Loan Fraud

The effects of Bounce Back Loan fraud are extensive, impacting not only the economy but also society at large, and the individuals and businesses involved.

Economic Impact on Businesses and Individuals

The economic fallout from fraudulent activity related to the Bounce Back Loan Scheme is significant.

  1. Financial Loss: Fraud drains funds intended to help struggling businesses survive during economic downturns. Every pound obtained fraudulently is a pound not reaching a legitimate business in need.
  2. Increased Costs: Financial institutions and taxpayers end up bearing the cost of these fraudulent activities. The costs associated with investigating and prosecuting fraud cases also add to the economic burden.
  3. Damage to Business and Consumer Confidence: Fraudulent cases shake trust in financial systems and government-funded schemes. This could deter businesses from applying for aid in the future, or lead to more rigorous and complex application processes that could disadvantage smaller or less resourced businesses.

Beyond the economic impact, there are several social and legal consequences to consider:

  1. Criminal Charges: Individuals found guilty of committing Bounce Back Loan fraud face severe penalties, including imprisonment and hefty fines, under fraud legislation in England and Wales, such as the Fraud Act 2006.
  2. Reputational Damage: Being involved in a fraud case can cause irreparable harm to an individual’s or business’s reputation. This could result in the loss of business opportunities and damage to personal and professional relationships.
  3. Mental and Emotional Stress: The prospect of investigation and potential legal action can cause significant stress, impacting mental health and overall well-being.
  4. Liquidation and Insolvency: If fraud leads to insurmountable debts or legal penalties, businesses may have to enter into insolvency or liquidation proceedings. This could result in job losses and have a ripple effect on suppliers, customers, and the wider community.

If you find yourself struggling with the consequences of Bounce Back Loan fraud, professional advice is essential. At Company Doctor, we’re a team of licensed insolvency practitioners based in Leeds. We can provide expert guidance and help navigate difficult situations such as these. Give us a call on 0800 169 1536 or leave an enquiry on our website.

Trustpilot reviews, image of trustpilot logo

Free Advice

Low Cost Liquidations

Nationwide Service

Navigating The Legislation: England & Wales

In the fight against Bounce Back Loan fraud, it is vital to understand the legal framework within which these actions are taken. In England and Wales, several key pieces of legislation play a pivotal role in tackling this fraud.

  1. The Fraud Act 2006: This is the main piece of legislation related to fraud in England and Wales. It covers fraudulent activity related to false representation, failing to disclose information, and abuse of position. Those found guilty under this Act can face up to ten years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both.
  2. The Proceeds of Crime Act 2002: This legislation allows for the confiscation or civil recovery of the proceeds from crime, including funds fraudulently obtained through the Bounce Back Loan scheme.
  3. The Companies Act 2006: This Act has provisions relating to fraudulent trading, which could apply in the case of Bounce Back Loan fraud. If a company knowingly carries on business with the intent to defraud creditors, it could face criminal sanctions under this Act.

R3 Statements of Insolvency Practice: What it is and its Relevance

R3, the trade association for the UK’s insolvency and restructuring professionals, issues the Statements of Insolvency Practice (SIPs). These provide best practice guidelines for insolvency practitioners and are recognised by the Insolvency Service, Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority.

The R3 SIPs provide guidance on a range of issues, including how insolvency practitioners should approach cases where there are suspicions of fraud. One example is SIP 2, which addresses the investigations an insolvency practitioner should carry out when there are suspicions of misconduct, including fraud, by directors or other parties.

If your company is facing insolvency due to fraudulent activity related to the Bounce Back Loan Scheme, seeking professional advice is crucial. Our team at Company Doctor is well-versed in navigating these complexities and can offer the support you need. Call us on 0800 169 1536 or leave an enquiry on our website.

Prevention and Mitigation: Role of Insolvency Practitioners

Insolvency practitioners play a crucial role in combating Bounce Back Loan fraud. With their expertise in financial distress and insolvency, they are perfectly positioned to detect signs of fraud and advise on mitigating its impact.

Preventing Bounce Back Loan Fraud

Insolvency practitioners help businesses navigate financial challenges and restructuring, often spotting fraudulent behaviour or suspicious activity. With their in-depth knowledge of the legislative framework, they can provide guidance on compliance and ethical business practices, reducing the risk of Bounce Back Loan fraud.

Mitigating the Impact of Fraud

In situations where fraud has occurred, insolvency practitioners can play a vital role in damage control. They can advise on the best course of action, help navigate legal processes, and assist in restructuring efforts to salvage the business. In the event of insolvency, practitioners will manage the process professionally, ensuring the best possible outcome for all parties involved.

Introducing Company Doctor

At Company Doctor, we pride ourselves on being a trusted ally to businesses facing insolvency. As licensed insolvency practitioners based in Leeds, we offer sound advice and practical solutions to directors dealing with insolvency.

Our team is well-versed in all areas of insolvency, including the complexities surrounding Bounce Back Loan fraud. If your business has been affected, please don’t hesitate to contact us on 0800 169 1536 or submit an enquiry on our website. We are here to help navigate this challenging terrain and work towards the most favourable solution.


What is Bounce Back Loan fraud?

Bounce Back Loan fraud refers to the misuse or fraudulent acquisition of funds through the Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS). This could involve applying for a loan with false information, not using the funds for the intended business purposes, or intentionally not repaying the loan while having the means to do so.

What are the signs of potential Bounce Back Loan fraud?

Common signs include:

  • Discrepancies or inconsistencies in loan applications
  • A sudden increase in transactions or activities not in line with regular business operations
  • Multiple loan applications or loans taken out in quick succession
  • Fund transfers to personal accounts or offshore accounts

What are the consequences of Bounce Back Loan fraud?

The consequences can be severe. Aside from the damage to reputation, legal penalties can include heavy fines and imprisonment. Furthermore, insolvency practitioners, when undertaking an investigation, can take actions to recover the funds fraudulently obtained.

How can I protect my business from Bounce Back Loan fraud?

Ensure all information in your loan application is correct and up-to-date. Use loan funds strictly for business purposes. Regularly review financial records for any irregularities. If you’re unsure, consult with an insolvency practitioner or a legal professional for advice.

Remember, at Company Doctor, we’re always here to help. Contact us on 0800 169 1536 or leave an enquiry on our website.


The Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS) was undoubtedly a lifeline for many businesses navigating the rough waters of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, its misuse, particularly through fraud, has cast a shadow on its benefits. Fraudulent activities not only harm businesses and individuals financially but also result in severe legal and social consequences.

It’s paramount that businesses and individuals remain vigilant for signs of potential fraud and act responsibly when borrowing under schemes such as the BBLS. Legislation relevant to England and Wales, along with the R3 Statements of Insolvency Practice, provide a framework for dealing with such fraud cases.

Insolvency practitioners like us at Company Doctor play a crucial role in preventing and mitigating the impact of such frauds. If you need advice or are struggling with insolvency issues, don’t hesitate to reach out to us on 0800 169 1536 or leave an enquiry on our website. Remember, it’s not just about surviving the present; it’s also about bouncing back stronger.

If you’ve found this article helpful, share it with others who may benefit from it. Stay informed, stay vigilant, and let’s work together to tackle bounce back loan fraud.


The primary sources for this article are listed below.

Liquidation and insolvency – GOV.UK (

Details of our standards for producing accurate, unbiased content can be found in our editorial policy here.

Scroll to Top