Compulsory Strike Off meaning, what are the Implications?

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Understanding the intricacies of running a business is crucial for any company director, and one of the more complex aspects of company law in the UK is the concept of a Compulsory Strike Off.

In the life of a business, there may be times when certain unforeseen circumstances arise, possibly leading to a situation where the company could face dissolution. It’s therefore essential for directors to understand not just the terminology, but also the implications and processes associated with terms like ‘Compulsory Strike Off’.

The aim of this article is to shed light on the meaning, implications, and processes of a Compulsory Strike Off. We’ll delve into the reasons a company might be struck off, explore the preventative measures one can take, and examine possible alternatives.

Whether you’re a seasoned director or new to the corporate world, our goal is to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of this aspect of company law. So, let’s demystify the concept of a Compulsory Strike Off and arm you with the knowledge you need to navigate your business’s journey effectively.

Remember, knowledge is power, and having the right information at your fingertips can help ensure the longevity and success of your business. Let’s dive in!

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Definition of Compulsory Strike Off

A Compulsory Strike Off is a process initiated by the Registrar of Companies at Companies House when a company has failed to meet specific legal requirements. This may include, for instance, not filing the required annual accounts or confirmation statements. When a company is struck off the Companies House Register, it legally ceases to exist.

Let’s take a closer look at the process involved in a Compulsory Strike Off.

Initial Notice

The process begins when the Companies House issues a ‘First Gazette notice’ to the company in question. This is a formal warning to the company, informing it of the imminent strike off action if the situation isn’t rectified.

Suspension Period

Following the initial notice, there’s a two-month period during which the company can resolve the issues that led to the notice. For example, the company can file any outstanding documents or provide evidence that it’s still trading.

Final Notice and Strike Off

If the company does not respond to the initial notice during the suspension period, a ‘Final Gazette notice’ is issued, followed by the company’s name being struck off from the register at Companies House.

At the end of the process, the company is dissolved, and its assets may become ‘bona vacantia’, which means they belong to the Crown.

The process of Compulsory Strike Off is an automatic legal process initiated by the Registrar at Companies House when certain circumstances warrant it. Understanding the implications and process is crucial to avoid reaching this point, especially given the serious consequences it can have on a company’s future.

In the next section, we’ll delve into why a company might face a Compulsory Strike Off and what can be done to prevent it.

Why a Company May Be Struck Off

The Companies House might choose to strike off a company from the register for various reasons. Primarily, it occurs when a company fails to adhere to its statutory obligations under the Companies Act. Here’s a detailed look into some of the most common reasons that might lead to a Compulsory Strike Off:

Failure to Submit Annual Accounts

Every limited company is required to submit annual accounts to the Companies House. Failure to do so within the stipulated time is one of the most common reasons why a company may be struck off.

Failure to Submit Confirmation Statements

Formerly known as annual returns, confirmation statements must be filed at least once every 12 months. Non-compliance with this requirement can lead to compulsory strike off.


If a company is no longer trading or has no outstanding debts, it might be considered dormant by Companies House. If there’s no activity for an extended period, Companies House may assume the company is no longer required and initiate the strike off process.

Neglected Communication

Companies House might also strike off a company if mail sent to the company’s registered address is returned undelivered or there’s no reply to formal letters and warnings sent by Companies House.

Companies House plays a pivotal role in this process. As the official registrar, they monitor compliance with the legal obligations that all registered companies in England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland must meet.

The decision to strike off a company is not taken lightly. Initially, Companies House issues warning letters and gives the company time to rectify the situation. They might also publish a Gazette notice, which serves as a public warning that they intend to remove the company from the register.

If the company fails to act within the two-month period following the Gazette notice, Companies House will typically proceed with the Compulsory Strike Off.

While it may sound daunting, understanding why Companies House might choose to strike off a company is the first step in avoiding such a situation. Up next, we’ll discuss if and how a Compulsory Strike Off can be stopped.

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The Implications of Compulsory Strike Off

Being subject to a Compulsory Strike Off has serious consequences for both the company and its directors. Here’s how:

Impact on the Company

Once the company is struck off the Companies House Register, it ceases to exist as a legal entity. As a result, any assets owned by the company, including cash, property, and shares, become property of the Crown, a process known as “bona vacantia”. This means that the directors or shareholders no longer have any legal right or claim to these assets. Additionally, the company’s name becomes available for use by other entities.

Impact on Directors

Directors may face disqualification if they continue to operate a struck-off company. This could result in them being prohibited from forming, promoting, or managing a company for up to 15 years. Moreover, personal liability for company debts might be a risk if directors continue trading after the company has been struck off.

Impact on Assets and Liabilities

Upon the dissolution of the company, as previously mentioned, the assets transfer to the Crown. However, it’s worth noting that this does not automatically absolve the company’s liabilities. Creditors can apply for the company to be restored to the register to recover their debts. In fact, if there are outstanding liabilities, the Crown representative, usually the Treasury Solicitor, might decide to restore the company to allow debt recovery actions to proceed.

Impact on the Company’s Reputation

A Compulsory Strike Off is a matter of public record, and it may tarnish the reputation of the company and its directors. Future business endeavours might be viewed skeptically by potential investors, partners, or customers who discover this in the company’s history.

Understanding these implications underscores the importance of taking timely action when faced with a Compulsory Strike Off. In the next section, we’ll explore whether it’s possible to stop this process, and what steps need to be taken.

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Preventing Compulsory Strike Off

If you’re a company director, there are steps you can take to prevent a Compulsory Strike Off from happening. Keeping an eye on warning signs and understanding the preventative measures can make all the difference.

Heeding Warning Signs

Companies House will issue formal letters or warnings to the registered company address if they’re considering a strike off action. Keep an eye out for these letters, as they’re your first sign that something needs to be addressed promptly.

Ensuring Timely Submissions

A common reason for a strike off action is the failure to submit confirmation statements or annual accounts in time. Making sure these are filed promptly and accurately can help you avoid attracting the attention of the Companies House in the first place.

Regular Confirmation Statements

A confirmation statement is an annual requirement that confirms your company details are correct at Companies House. Regularly filing these statements, as per the Companies Act 2006, demonstrates your commitment to maintaining your company’s good standing.

Settling Outstanding Debts

Outstanding debts are another major reason that can result in a company being struck off. It’s important to make arrangements to settle any outstanding debts promptly. If that’s not possible due to insolvency, there are other routes like Creditors Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) that can be considered.

Regular Communication

Keep the lines of communication open with Companies House. If you’re facing difficulties in filing accounts or other paperwork on time, get in touch with them to discuss your situation. It’s always better to communicate proactively rather than missing a deadline without notice.

Remember, prevention is always better than cure. By adhering to these steps, you stand a better chance of maintaining the good standing of your company and avoiding a Compulsory Strike Off.

How to Stop the Compulsory Strike Off Process

Even when a compulsory strike off process has been initiated, it doesn’t always mean the end of the road for your company. There are certain steps you can take to suspend the process and potentially stop it in its tracks.

Suspension Application

If the Gazette Notice for strike off has already been published, you’ll need to act quickly. You or any third party can object to the strike off by sending a suspension application to Companies House. This needs to be done before the two month publication period ends.

Basis for Objection

The objection must have solid grounds. For instance, you might be in the process of filing missing accounts or other outstanding documents, or there may be other reasons why the company should not be dissolved (such as it’s still trading or has outstanding debts).

Handling Objections

If Companies House agrees that the objection is valid, they will suspend the strike off process to allow time for the issue to be resolved. The strike off process can be suspended for up to six months.

Rectifying the Issue

Once the process is suspended, it’s crucial to rectify the issue that caused the strike off action to be initiated. This could be submitting overdue confirmation statements or annual accounts, or repaying outstanding debts.

Notify Companies House

Once the issue has been resolved, you need to notify Companies House. If they’re satisfied, they will end the suspension and your company can continue to operate.

However, be mindful that stopping a compulsory strike off process can be complex and stressful, especially if you’re already dealing with other issues related to running your business. It’s always a good idea to seek professional advice in such cases to ensure you’re taking the right steps.

Alternatives to Compulsory Strike Off

A compulsory strike off can feel like an insurmountable hurdle for your company. However, there are alternatives that allow for a more managed approach to the situation, affording you greater control over the outcome.

Voluntary Liquidation

A popular alternative is a voluntary liquidation, particularly in the form of a Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation (CVL). This process is initiated by the company’s directors when they realise the business is insolvent and cannot pay its debts. This option allows the directors to control the process, mitigating personal liability and possible allegations of wrongful trading. A CVL is overseen by a licensed insolvency practitioner who will handle all aspects of the liquidation, ensuring that it is conducted in a lawful and orderly manner.

Restoration of the Company

In certain circumstances, it is possible to restore a company that has been struck off the Companies House register. This is not an easy route and does involve a legal process through the courts. However, if successful, the company will be deemed to have continued in existence as if it had not been struck off and dissolved. This could be a worthwhile option if there are significant assets in the company or if it is still a viable business.

Remember, each company’s situation is unique, and it’s important to get advice tailored to your company’s circumstances. In the following section, we’ll explore the role of Company Doctor in navigating these difficult waters.

Role of Company Doctor

Navigating the waters of insolvency, compulsory strike offs, and voluntary liquidations can be a complex and stressful process. That’s where we, the team at Company Doctor, come into play. Our mission is to help guide company directors through these turbulent times, providing expert advice and offering a lifeline in the form of a suite of relevant services.

One of our key services is assisting directors in the process of a Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation (CVL). Recognising that insolvency is not the end, but a chance for a fresh start, we step in to support you, ensuring you understand each stage of the process and are making informed decisions along the way.

Our experts work closely with directors, presenting a clear plan of action that takes into account the specific needs of the company. From initiating the CVL process to appointing a licensed insolvency practitioner to handle the legal proceedings, we make sure you maintain control, all while ensuring the company’s obligations are met, and statutory responsibilities are handled correctly.

Remember, seeking early advice when financial difficulties arise can mean the difference between compulsory strike off and finding a route that allows for a more controlled winding up of the company. At Company Doctor, we’re here to help. You can reach out to us on 0800 169 1536.

Next, we’ll address some frequently asked questions about compulsory strike off to clarify any doubts you might have.


Understanding the implications and processes around a compulsory strike off is vital for any company director. Ignorance is no defence in the eyes of the law, and failure to act appropriately can lead to serious consequences.

In this article, we’ve defined what a compulsory strike off is, the reasons behind it, and its implications for a company and its directors. We’ve also detailed how such a process can be prevented or even halted. Importantly, we’ve highlighted that alternatives do exist, such as voluntary liquidation, where a licensed insolvency practitioner can guide the process.

At Company Doctor, we’re committed to helping directors navigate these challenging situations. From assisting with Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation to helping companies avoid a compulsory strike off, we’ve got the expertise and resources to provide the support you need.

Remember, prompt action can often prevent a challenging situation from becoming a crisis. If you’re facing potential insolvency or are concerned about a possible compulsory strike off, don’t hesitate to contact us today at 0800 169 1536. We’re here to help.

Please stay tuned for our FAQ section for more insights into compulsory strike off and related matters.


What is a compulsory strike off?

A compulsory strike off is a legal process initiated by Companies House to remove a company from the register. This typically happens when a company has failed to meet certain legal obligations, such as filing confirmation statements or annual accounts.

Can a compulsory strike off be stopped?

Yes, a compulsory strike off can be stopped. This usually involves submitting a suspension application to Companies House. Companies will need to rectify any issues, such as submitting outstanding documents or resolving unpaid debts.

What happens to the assets of a company that is compulsorily struck off?

When a company is struck off, any remaining assets become “bona vacantia” – Latin for ownerless goods. This means they pass to the Crown. This can include any money in the company’s bank account, physical property, and intellectual property.

What are the consequences for directors of a company that is compulsorily struck off?

If a company is struck off and dissolved, its directors can potentially face serious consequences. These can include director disqualification, fines, or even personal liability for company debts in some cases.

How can I prevent a compulsory strike off?

The best prevention is compliance. This means filing confirmation statements and annual accounts on time, and keeping the company’s registered address and other details up to date. It also means ensuring your company is financially healthy and capable of meeting its obligations.

Can a company be restored after a compulsory strike off?

Yes, a company can be restored to the Companies House register after being struck off, but the process can be complicated. There are two routes – administrative restoration or court order. For both, you will need to demonstrate a valid reason for the restoration and rectify any outstanding issues such as missing accounts.

What’s the difference between compulsory liquidation and compulsory strike off?

Compulsory liquidation is a court-ordered process where a company’s assets are sold to repay creditors, after which the company is dissolved. A compulsory strike off, on the other hand, is initiated by Companies House when a company fails to meet certain administrative requirements.

If you have more questions about compulsory strike off or any other related matter, don’t hesitate to contact us at Company Doctor. Our team of experts is on hand to provide the advice and support you need. Call us on 0800 169 1536 today.


The primary sources for this article are listed below.

Companies House – GOV.UK (

Strike off, dissolution and restoration – GOV.UK (

Details of our standards for producing accurate, unbiased content can be found in our editorial policy here.

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