What happens to a disqualified director?

a woman looking stressed and wondering what happens to a disqualified director

A role as a company director is steeped in significant responsibilities. It requires adherence to a strict code of conduct in line with the legal responsibilities established by the UK’s Company Directors Disqualification Act. Missteps or misunderstandings can lead to severe consequences, including director disqualification, which has ramifications for both the individual director and the company in question. In this article, we aim to elucidate the ramifications of director disqualification, what it means, and the processes involved.

Being aware of the repercussions of disqualification is crucial. As a company director, understanding what could happen in the event of disqualification after liquidation, for example, can ensure the right safeguards are in place. Equally important is an understanding of disqualification proceedings to ensure any necessary actions can be taken promptly. It’s always advisable to seek expert advice from legal professionals or an insolvency practitioner to navigate these complexities. This is where our services come in.

Navigating the maze of director disqualification can be daunting, but with proper guidance and advice, you can make informed decisions. Read on to unravel the intricacies of director disqualification, how it could potentially affect you, and how to safeguard your interests.

Quick Links

Understanding Director Disqualification

Director disqualification is a legal action, usually arising from an investigation by the Insolvency Service, official receiver, or a company insolvency practitioner. This is carried out when a company director is believed to have not upheld their legal responsibilities or is suspected of unfit conduct. The act of disqualification means that an individual is prohibited from acting as a director of a company, a concept articulated in the Company Directors Disqualification Act.

An array of circumstances can precipitate director disqualification proceedings. A company might have been trading while insolvent, or the director might be involved in fraudulent activity, which is considered a criminal offence. This could be particularly relevant in instances of company liquidation, whether voluntary or compulsory. Mismanagement of company affairs, neglecting director duties, and non-compliance with corporate legislation could also be grounds for disqualification.

The legal responsibilities of a director are extensive and involve ensuring that the company adheres to all relevant laws and regulations. This includes maintaining accurate financial records, fulfilling tax obligations, and acting in the company’s best interest. Failure to meet these responsibilities can have severe consequences and could result in disqualification.

The Disqualification Act is a crucial piece of legislation that sets out the framework for director disqualification. Its purpose is to maintain the integrity of the business environment and protect the public interest. It also delineates the grounds for disqualification, the processes involved, and the implications of disqualification, including the disqualification length, which can vary between two years and up to 15 years depending on the severity of the misconduct. Therefore, understanding this act is essential for all directors, as it guides the principles of sound company management.

The Disqualification Process

The process of director disqualification is complex and can be lengthy, depending largely on the specific details of each case. Typically, the process begins with an investigation, often sparked by the report of an insolvency practitioner or the official receiver following the insolvency of a company. If their findings suggest that the director has failed to fulfil their legal responsibilities, this can instigate disqualification proceedings.

The Insolvency Service plays a pivotal role in this process. They examine the conduct of directors in relation to insolvent companies, acting in the public interest to prevent unfit directors from managing limited companies. They may also consider any information brought to their attention by the official receiver, an insolvency practitioner, or through their investigation.

The official receiver, as part of the Insolvency Service, is involved in managing the early stages of company administration and liquidation. They carry out an initial examination of the company’s affairs, including the conduct of its directors. If they uncover any evidence of unfit conduct, they can report this to the Insolvency Service, potentially initiating disqualification proceedings.

An insolvency practitioner is another vital figure in the disqualification process. Appointed during the insolvency process, they manage the affairs of the insolvent company, aiming to recover as much as possible for the creditors. Their findings can be crucial in cases of director disqualification, as they can uncover evidence of unfit conduct.

If the Insolvency Service decides to take disqualification action, they will typically seek a Disqualification Undertaking or apply to the court for a Disqualification Order. If the case reaches court proceedings, the court has the power to issue a court order to disqualify the director. This action is taken seriously and often results in significant repercussions, including potential criminal charges if the disqualified director breaches the order.

Whether it’s a disqualification undertaking voluntarily given by the director or a court order following legal proceedings, the disqualification length can range between 2 years and 15 years, depending on the seriousness of the director’s misconduct.

Freephone including all mobiles

Consequences of Disqualification

The implications of director disqualification are severe, both for the individual and the company involved. The disqualification length typically ranges from 2 to 15 years depending on the gravity of unfit conduct, as stipulated by the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986. For example, a director of a UK Limited company could face a disqualification length of 12 years if the court finds their conduct particularly damaging.

For the disqualified director, the penalties can extend beyond the realm of business. The individual is prohibited from being directly or indirectly involved in the promotion, formation, or management of a company without court permission. This includes a broad range of roles and activities, not just those traditionally associated with being a director. Breaching a disqualification order is a criminal offence, with potential consequences including a fine or even imprisonment.

For the company, the disqualification of a director can have a considerable impact. In the case of a limited company or a limited liability partnership, it could lead to significant upheaval, particularly if the disqualified director played a crucial role in the day-to-day management of the business. This could potentially disrupt operations, affect employee morale, and negatively impact relationships with clients and suppliers.

From a public interest perspective, director disqualification proceedings are designed to protect the public and the business community from those deemed unfit to manage a company. They serve as a warning to other potential offenders, highlighting the importance of adhering to the legal responsibilities that come with being a director.

Moreover, the proceedings and subsequent disqualification can have a significant effect on a company’s public image. The reputational damage can be considerable, as stakeholders may lose trust in the company’s governance. For example, a small business trading under the name “Rachel’s Cafe Ltd” could see a decline in custom if their director is disqualified due to fraudulent activity, as it could be seen as a reflection of the company’s overall ethical standing.

Overall, the implications of director disqualification are far-reaching and profound, emphasising the importance of directors upholding their legal responsibilities. It also underlines the need for companies to have robust processes in place to manage such situations, should they occur.

Trustpilot reviews, image of trustpilot logo

Free Advice

Low Cost Liquidations

Nationwide Service

Disqualification and Company Liquidation

There’s a significant relationship between director disqualification and company liquidation, with the former often being a consequence of the latter. When a company enters liquidation, either voluntarily through a Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation (CVL) or involuntarily via Compulsory Liquidation, the conduct of its directors comes under close scrutiny.

In a voluntary liquidation scenario, the directors themselves choose to close the company, typically because it is insolvent and unable to pay its debts. An insolvency practitioner is appointed to wind up the company’s affairs, part of which involves investigating the directors’ conduct in the period leading up to the insolvency. If any signs of unfit conduct are found, such as trading while insolvent or not keeping proper accounting records, the insolvency practitioner will report this to the Insolvency Service. This can then trigger director disqualification proceedings.

In the case of compulsory liquidation, the process is initiated by creditors who have not been paid by the company. The court will appoint an Official Receiver to manage the liquidation process, including investigating the directors’ conduct. Again, if signs of unfit conduct are found, this could lead to director disqualification.

Let’s consider a hypothetical example to illustrate the potential implications. Let’s say “Engineering Contractors Ltd” is unable to pay its suppliers and is subsequently forced into compulsory liquidation by the High Court. The Official Receiver discovers that the directors continued trading and taking on new contracts, despite knowing the company was insolvent. This constitutes unfit conduct and triggers disqualification proceedings. As a result, the directors could face a disqualification order, barring them from holding directorships for a significant length of time.

This example highlights the importance of directors maintaining sound financial management and adherence to their duties, particularly in challenging economic circumstances. The risk of director disqualification in the aftermath of liquidation underscores the gravity of the responsibilities directors hold within their companies.

For more information look at our Creditors Voluntary Liquidation page and our Compulsory Liquidation page.

Even in the face of director disqualification proceedings, there are potential legal remedies and avenues for support. One of these is a disqualification undertaking. This is a legally binding agreement that the director makes with the Secretary of State, voluntarily agreeing to a period of disqualification, thereby avoiding the need for court proceedings. This can potentially result in a shorter disqualification period and can be a strategic move if disqualification seems inevitable.

Directors who find themselves facing disqualification may also seek advice from professionals experienced in such matters. Legal professionals, insolvency practitioners, and specialist advice services can provide valuable guidance through the challenging and complex process of disqualification proceedings.

Another important element to consider is the role of compensation. In some cases, where the disqualified director’s conduct has caused a specific loss to creditors, the court may order them to compensate for that loss. This compensation order is separate from the disqualification order and may form part of the wider consequences faced by the director.

Moreover, in a disqualification action, the court can order restitution for the director’s unfit conduct. This means that the director may be required to restore the benefits obtained through fraudulent trading or taking company assets for personal use. These details can apply for a period of several years.

However, it’s crucial to note that the disqualification process is a serious matter. It can result in significant personal and professional consequences for the directors involved, including restrictions on holding directorships and management positions in the future. Therefore, it’s always advisable to seek professional advice at the earliest opportunity if facing potential disqualification proceedings.


The responsibilities of a company director extend far beyond the daily management of a business. They encompass legal obligations, adherence to the company’s constitution, and the utmost commitment to ensuring the company’s financial wellbeing. Understanding these duties and the potential consequences for unfit conduct, such as director disqualification, is paramount.

In the realm of director disqualification proceedings, forewarned is forearmed. It is vital for directors to be aware that their actions can have significant repercussions, not only on their business and personal reputation, but also on their ability to participate in the management of a company in the future. Limited company, limited liability partnership, or contractors ltd – regardless of the company’s structure – the law is universal and applies to all.

For those facing disqualification, it is crucial to act promptly. Don’t hesitate to engage with an insolvency practitioner or legal professional who can provide invaluable advice to navigate the stormy waters of director disqualification. Remember, there are legal remedies and support mechanisms available, including the possibility of a disqualification undertaking or even seeking compensation.

In conclusion, the key to avoiding disqualification as a company director is to understand your responsibilities, act in the company and public’s best interest, and seek expert advice when necessary. The tale of ‘Rachel’ from ‘Beauty Ltd’ serves as a cautionary tale, reminding all directors that trading while insolvent, or engaging in any form of unfit conduct, can lead to severe consequences, including director disqualification.

From understanding the disqualification act to comprehending the implications of voluntary and compulsory liquidation, it is crucial for all directors to be well-versed with these facets of business law to ensure they lead their company responsibly, honestly, and in the best interest of all stakeholders.

Has this article sparked concerns about your own situation as a director? Are you feeling overwhelmed with the complexities of director disqualification, liquidation, or company administration? Remember, you don’t have to navigate these challenging waters alone.

At Company Doctor, our expert team is ready to provide the assistance, guidance, and solutions you need. We are committed to helping directors like you understand their rights, responsibilities, and the actions you can take to protect yourself and your business.

Don’t let worries about director disqualification keep you up at night. Get in touch with us today on 0800 169 1536 or visit our website to learn more about how we can support you.


What is Director Disqualification?

Director disqualification is a legal measure in the UK that prohibits an individual from acting as a director for a specific length of time due to unfit conduct.

What is the Director Disqualification Act?

The Director Disqualification Act, formally known as the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986, is the legislation that provides for the disqualification of directors in certain circumstances.

What is a Disqualification Order?

A disqualification order is issued by the court, barring a person from acting as a director for a specified period. The duration can vary, but it can last up to 15 years.

What is the role of the Insolvency Service in director disqualification?

The Insolvency Service can investigate the conduct of directors and initiate disqualification proceedings if they find evidence of unfit behaviour.

What are the consequences of being a disqualified director?

A disqualified director cannot be a director of a company, act as a receiver of a company’s property, or in any way be involved in the formation, management, or promotion of a company.

What happens if a disqualified director breaches their disqualification?

Breaching a disqualification order is a serious criminal offence. The disqualified director could face imprisonment, a fine, or both.

How does company liquidation affect director disqualification?

If a company goes into liquidation, the conduct of all directors will be investigated. This could lead to disqualification if the director is found to have conducted unfit behaviour.

What is a disqualification undertaking?

A disqualification undertaking is an agreement by the director to a disqualification without the need for court proceedings. It has the same legal effect as a disqualification order.

What advice is there for directors facing disqualification proceedings?

Directors facing disqualification proceedings should seek legal advice immediately. This can help to understand the process, the potential defences, and the implications of disqualification.

Can a disqualified director ever become a director again?

Yes, once the disqualification period has ended, the individual can act as a director again, provided they comply with the relevant legal and regulatory requirements.


The primary sources for this article are listed below.

Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 (legislation.gov.uk)

Details of our standards for producing accurate, unbiased content can be found in our editorial policy here.

Scroll to Top